Course Descriptions

Course Descriptions

Esperanza College offers the following courses within its curriculum:

ACCT 107
Accounting Principles I 3 credits
Prerequisite: Fulfillment of MATH entrance requirement.
Basic accounting principles and practices, including the preparation of basic financial statements, account uses, accruals and deferrals.

ACCT 108
Accounting Principles II 3 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in ACCT 107
Accounting concepts, terminology, and the preparation, use and analysis of financial data for internal and external users will be covered. This includes the accounting equation, accrual accounting, journal entries for business transactions, financial statements and the generally accepted accounting principles. International Financial Reporting Standards will be introduced.

ACCT 309
Nonprofit Accounting 3 credits
Prerequisite:  Minimum grade of C in ACCT 107
Provides in-depth coverage of fund accounting principles, focusing on procedures of private nonprofit and governmental organizations. Topics include: revenue recognition, accounting for fixed assets and investments, cash budgeting, allocation of fundraising costs, financial statement presentation, and other issues relevant to nonprofit organizations.

ACCT 395
Field Experience in Accounting 1 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in ACCT 108.
The practical application in a real work environment of the theory, philosophy, and principles of federal income tax and law and the procedures for computing the income tax liability of individuals; practice in solving typical problems and the preparation of tax returns. 

ACCT 421
Concepts in Federal Taxation 3 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in ACCT 108.
Theory, philosophy, and principles of federal income tax and law and the procedures for computing the income tax liability of individuals; practice in solving typical problems and the preparation of tax returns.

BIBL 100
The Biblical World in Contemporary Context 3 credits
No prerequisites, but passing grade in INST150 advised.
This course will introduce the student to the entire biblical story of the people of God. The main components of the program will include the following: Creation Theology (discussing the meaning of Genesis and the Wisdom literature), the Covenantal People (featuring Exodus and the Sinai events), Prophetic Theology (analyzing the socio- political significance of the prophets), the message of Jesus (discussing the Gospels and the developing church), the theology of Paul and the developing Christian tradition (thinking through Paul and the other New Testament documents that conclude the biblical story).

BIBL 101
Nature and Meaning of the Old Testament 3 credits
A descriptive introduction to the general content and main episodes of the story of Israel in the Old Testament. The focus is on understanding the flow of events, key characters, stories, themes, genres, and historical settings of the Old Testament. We will also begin to explore how the gospel continues and develops Old Testament themes.

BIBL 102
Nature and Meaning of the New Testament 3 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in BIBL101
A descriptive introduction to the content of the New Testament, especially in the Gospels and the letters of Paul. A main focus is on the importance of understanding the New Testament in the ancient historical and cultural setting and applying that knowledge to contemporary faith and life.

BIOL 104/BIOL 104L
Human Biology 4 credits
A study of the origin and structure of cells, energy transformation, the structure and function of major organ systems, inheritance, reproduction and development. Emphasis is on human biology. Laboratory included. 

BIOL 151/BIOL 151L
General Biology I 4 credits
No prerequisites, but High School background in Biology advised.
This course surveys basic concepts of biology with an emphasis on field-oriented disciplines, including ecology, zoology, botany and macroevolution. Laboratory included.

BIOL 152/BIOL 152L
General Biology II 4 credits
No prerequisites, but High School background in Biology advised.
This course surveys basic concepts of biology with an emphasis on lab-oriented disciplines, including cell biology, physiology, genetics and evolutionary mechanisms. Laboratory included.

BIOL 233/BIOL 233L
Human Physiology and Anatomy I 4 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in CHEM 121.
The first course of a two-semester sequence which surveys the human as a functioning organism. The first semester will emphasize the basic structure of the cellular system, tissue histology, the integumentary system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system and skeletomuscular system. Course includes both lecture and laboratory exercises.

BIOL 234/BIOL 234L
Human Physiology and Anatomy II 4 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in BIO 233
The second of a two-semester sequence. Emphasis will be on the special senses, digestive system, urinary system, endocrine system and reproductive system.  Class consists of both lecture and laboratory content.

BUSA 121
Mortgage Lending I 3 credits
This course will specialize in the production and origination of residential & commercial mortgages, commercial and consumer loans. Emphasis will be placed on fair lending laws, ethical issues and behavior, fraud detection and proper due diligence.

BUSA 122
Mortgage Lending II 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in BUSA121
This course will cover career-related activities encountered in the student’s area of specialization regarding the originating and processing of mortgage loans. Emphasis will be placed on how to properly put a loan together to meet federal compliance under the supervision of a senior certified/licensed mortgage banker. This course is designed to develop a working knowledge of the steps of both loan originating and processing using actual mortgage documents in preparation for gainful full-time employment in the mortgage industry.

BUSA 206
Principles of Management and Leadership 3 credits
Planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling the activities of the administrative unit; evolution of management thinking.

BUSA 316
Non-Profit Management and Development 3 credits
A consideration of components necessary for starting and managing a nonprofit corporation including fundraising, tax-exempt status, leadership development and ethical issues.

BUSA 350
Business Law 3 credits
Review of the major legal issues governing business law. Covers federal; state, and local laws; regulatory systems; business organizations; contract, tort, and employment law issues; and the impact of legal structures on business practices.

CHEM  118/CHEM 118L
Chemistry for Healthcare 4 credits
One-semester course in foundational chemistry designed for students interested in health-related professions. Major concepts of chemistry are investigated in the context of their social relevance. Topics such as measurement, unit conversions, nuclear changes, periodic trends, boding, reactions, energy, solutions, and acids/bases will help develop the language of chemistry and the nature of interactions between atoms. The course culminates in a study of carbon-based compounds, including hydrocarbons, isomers, functional groups, and protein structure. Laboratory work includes a set of experiments and study modules to enhance and expand on class discussions. Includes additional three hour/week lab.

CHEM 121
General Chemistry I 3 credits
Co-requisite: CHEM123
Introduction to the composition and properties of matter, models for atomic structure and bonding, periodicity of elements, stoichiometry, states of matter, solutions and organic chemistry.
Prerequisites: Advisement based on High School Chemistry background or standardized testing in Math. 

CHEM 122
General Chemistry II 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in CHE 121 Co-requisite: CHEM124
General Chemistry II- Builds on the skills developed in CHE 121. Topics include the gas laws, thermochemistry, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base theory, complex ions, entropy and free energy, electrochemistry, and nuclear reactions.

CHEM 123
General Chemistry Laboratory I 1 credit
Co-requisite: CHEM121
Experiments introducing or illustrating concepts studied in CHE 121. Basic laboratory skills are introduced and reinforced. Emphasis is given to careful measurement and recording of data in a laboratory notebook. CHE 121 must be taken concurrently.

CHEM 124
Chemistry Laboratory II 1 credit
Prerequisite: C or better in CHEM 123 and CHEM121 Co-requisite: CHEM122
Experiments are designed to integrate with and enhance the theory presented in CHE 122. Laboratory skills such as pipetting, titration, dilution, measurement and spectroscopy are further developed. CHE 122 must be taken concurrently. This course includes a scientific writing workshop with emphasis on analyzing results, drawing conclusions and communicating observations through formal discussion writing.

COMM 120
Public Speaking 3 credits
A first course in speaking to entertain, inform and persuade. Course includes preparation, organization and delivery of speeches and uses informal low-key approach designed to reduce performance anxiety. Course fulfills Oral Communication General Education component.

COMM 212
Business Communication 3 credits
An overview of the communication skills required for success in an organizational setting. A primary emphasis is on business presentations including media-assisted presentations (power-point, etc.). Other areas of communication such as team or group, computer, supervisory, etc. are covered. Taken by students electing the business concentration during the fourth semester.

CSCI 110
Computer Literacy 3 credits
An introduction to computer hardware and software within a focus on microcomputers. Emphasizes hands-on experience with commonly used software packages, including word processing, spreadsheets and databases A major component of the course also considers the impact of computers on various sectors of modern social life.

CRMJ 105
Introduction to Criminal Justice 3 credits
Co-requisite:  CRMJ395  (recommend a C or higher in INST150)
This is a survey course in the Administration of Justice. It is designed to expose the student to the actors, processes and issues which impact on the quality of justice enjoyed by all citizens. America's justice system, composed of police, courts and corrections subsystems, is regarded as "fragmented" by many scholars. This is believed to be caused by the unique perspectives that each component has developed by virtue of its assigned role in seeking justice. Thus, a significant ambition of the course is to expose the student to each subsystem's function and philosophy while acknowledging the improbability of the total system's ever achieving consensus. A major design for the course is to identify myriad faces of crime and society's requirement that its sinister qualities be minimized to enhance the goal of ordered liberty. Further, an evaluative examination of the arrest through appeals process and the Constitution's procedural safeguards are explored. Since this course is of general informational interest, transcending career, social and educational ambitions, it is earnestly recommended to all students seeking a better understanding of the justice system which at some time and level, will intrude into all our lives.

CRMJ 110
Criminal Investigation 3 credits
Prerequisite: CRMJ105
This course will cover the fundamental principles and procedures employed in crime investigation. Emphasis will be placed on the investigation of specific crimes, the identification of sources of information and the procedures necessary for the proper handling of evidence. This course is designed to develop a working knowledge of the steps of investigation beginning with the initial security of the crime scene and concluding with the presentation of evidence and proper testimony in court.

CRMJ 115
Introduction to Forensic Science 3 credits
This course will be on the recognition, collection, preservation and analysis of the various types of physical evidence typically encountered at crime scenes. The students will be presented with principles and theories relating to the techniques used in the analysis of physical evidence with the presumption that most students do not have extensive scientific backgrounds. The goal therefore is to provide students with the basic understanding of what forensic science entails.

CRMJ 205
Introduction to Policing 3 credits
Prerequisite:  CRMJ 105
The Introduction to Policing course provides a comprehensive view into the foundations of policing in the United States today. The course is designed to offer students a balanced and up-to-date overview of who the police are and what they do, the problems they face, and the many reforms and innovations that have taken place in policing. It will cover the critical role of the beat cop, the fundamental problems in policing, the career path of police officers, and a level-by-level overview of police organizations. An additional goal is to present a comprehensive and contemporary overview of what it means to be a police officer.

CRMJ 210
Prosecution and the Courts 3 credits
Prerequisite:  CRMJ 105 (recommend a C or higher in ENGL 102)
The course will present an examination of the organization and jurisdiction of local, state, and federal law enforcement, judicial, and correctional systems; their history and philosophy; terminology; and constitutional limitations of the system. It includes implications for civil rights, the police process, the prosecuting attorney, the defense attorney, courts, grand jury, trial jury, coroner-medical examiner, judicial process, and the trial and its aftermath.

CRMJ 395
Criminal Justice Field Experience 1 credit
Students will be matched with an agency for exposure to real criminal justice situations and how the agencies service participants in the system.

ECON 200
Personal Stewardship 3 credits
Individual and family stewardship planning, to include: budgeting, financial services, personal taxation, consumer credit, food budget, housing, insurance and investing. Taken by students electing the business concentration during the fourth semester.

ECON 205
Essentials of Economics 3 credits
This course is designed to introduce students to the basic principles and tools of microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis, emphasizing the importance of economic literacy in being a responsible citizen and addressing key social issues. Students will become familiar with basic characteristics of market economies, the interaction of supply and demand, the role of government in regulating the economy, the concept of elasticity, marginal analysis in production, an overview of market cycles, unemployment, fiscal and monetary policy, the national debt, inflation, fractional-reserve banking and the role of the Federal Reserve System.

EDUC 200
Social and Philosophical Foundations of Modern Education 3 credits
This course looks at the social foundations of education in American life, the historical foundations of American educational philosophies, social and psychological principles of modern education theories, and current tension points in American education.

EDUC 201
Introduction to Special Education 3 credits
This course is designed to provide a full overview of the historical analysis of special education: classifications/definitions and patterns of behavior, description of assessment and intervention strategies, legislation and litigation, and outside forces that influence special education and their relationship to the system. Students will concentrate on their particular area of education as it relates to special education. Ten hours of observation required.

EDUC 205
Child Development 3 credits
Study of individual development from the prenatal period through childhood and the early twenties. Course covers details of physical, cognitive and psychosocial development, as well as the interrelation of these dimensions. Major conflicts and issues associated with different developmental levels are also explored. Approximately 10 hours of classroom observation is required.

EDUC 209
Early Adolescent and Adolescent Development 3 credits
This course provides an introduction to early adolescent and adolescent development and investigates the implications of physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development in educational settings. Major developmental and psychological theories and research relevant to teaching and learning are explored. Content areas include adolescent growth and development, conflicts and issues associated with different developmental levels, approaches to instruction, and cultural and socioeconomic diversity. The emphasis will be on the practical relevance of this material for students in middle grades (4-8).

EDUC 250
Field Experience 1 credit
Prerequisite: EDUC 205 Co-requisite:  EDUC 382
A full-time field experience in a school requiring a minimum of 90 hours as a teacher’s aide. The student must keep and submit a log of the experience. May be done in the following settings: early childhood, elementary, Christian school or special education. A combination of settings may be approved by the dean after consulting with the Eastern University Education Department.

EDUC 328
Early Childhood Education: Principles and Procedures 3 credits
Discussion of current theories of early childhood education including Montessori Method, Piaget approach, Progressive Movement, and Behavioral Approach. Models of preschool programs described: infant programs, day care, head start/home start, parent/child centers, and programs for the handicapped, etc. Two hours fieldwork per week is required in varied preschool settings.

EDUC 329
Early Childhood Education: Curriculum and Assessment 3 credits
Pre-requisite:  EDUC 328
Emphasis on creating an environment conducive to early learning with reference to major early childhood program models and related classroom materials. Methods of assessment will be discussed and utilized with preschool children and programs. Two hours of field work per week are required.

EDUC 382
Methods of Classroom Management 3 credits
Co-requisite:  EDUC 250
Course provides practical classroom management techniques for pre-service teachers. Various strategies and specific interventions from strategies will be examined. Therapeutic and preventive measures are dealt with as they pertain to the classroom. A 10-hour observation/field placement in an approved setting is required..

EDUC 400
Literacy Foundations for Primary Grades 3 credits
An eclectic approach to the reading process is explored, considering student learning modes and abilities. A holistic view is taken to various reading systems, i.e., phonics, linguistics, organic and experience based, and individualized reading. Juvenile Literature is considered a basic part of instruction in reading. The Pennsylvania Framework for Reading, Writing, and Talking across the Curriculum 1990 is used as a text. The scope of the course covers beginning reading, reading in content areas, and reading difficulties of some children. Students tutor a child for a minimum of 10 hours during the semester.

ENGL 101
Introduction to Academic English 3 credits
Co-requisite:  LANG146 (Spanish Track) or LANG157 (English Track)
This course introduces the student to language skills and concepts needed to be successful in the college context. It emphasizes using appropriate diction and language; the use of standard English, including spelling, punctuation   and grammar; and the demonstration of critical thinking skills in analyzing a passage or in developing an  argument.

ENGL 102
College Writing 3 credits
Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in ENGL 101 and LANG 146, or 157. Co-requisite:  LANG 147 (Spanish Track) or LANG 158 (English Track)
A course in analytical writing designed for all students. Work will include discussion of the writing process, practice in writing expository prose and the execution of a short research paper.

ENGL 220
Studies in the Novel and Short Fiction 3 credits
Prerequisite:  A grade of C or better in ENGL102 and LAN147 or LAN158
A study of the elements of fiction in short story and novel form, selecting contemporary authors who focus on justice issues and multicultural experience.

INST 150
Introduction to Faith, Reason, and Justice 3 credits
This course introduces students to the mission and values of Eastern University by exposing them to the three major commitments of the university: faith, reason, and justice, as well as to the related themes of community, scholarship, service, and church.

INST 161
Heritage of Western Thought & Civilization: The Modern World 3 credits
This course will survey the emergence of modern Western civilization to global stature through its literature, philosophy and history, from the French Revolution through the end of the Cold War. It will ask, from both Christian and competing perspectives, how modern Western civilization has incorporated the industrial, intellectual, scientific, and political revolutions of the 19th and 20th centuries, and how they have challenged the Christian faith.

INST 225
Community Development Seminar 3 credits
(Recommend a C or higher in ENGL102)
The course will present the history of and core concepts in the emergent field of community development. It will familiarize the student with some of the community development theoretical frameworks, with an emphasis on the assets-based approach. It will also introduce the use of capital-building in community development efforts, as well as some of the challenges and current debates confronting practitioners. The emphasis will be on the exploration of stakeholders’ utilization of community development methods to meet the needs of their own communities.

INST 270
Justice in a Pluralistic Society 3 credits
Prerequisite:  A grade of C or higher in ENGL102 (recommend INST150)
This interdisciplinary course uses both biblical and philosophical frameworks to examine the complexities of social justice in a pluralistic society. The focus is on the United States, with connections to the global community. Principles of social justice are used to explore issues of race, gender and class. Emphasis is placed on the student understanding her/his own identity and life situation, including what values, attitudes and knowledge have shaped her/his own world view. Attention is given to students developing skills in interacting with people from diverse groups and in bringing about social justice in the larger society.

INST 395
Community Services Field Experience 1 credit
Co-requisite: SOWK105
Students will be assigned to a particular community agency for exposure to real social work and community development situations and needs.

MATH 103
Mathematical Ideas 3 credits
The objectives of this course are to develop an appreciation for mathematics, to provide an insight into the methods of reasoning used by mathematicians, and to discuss its historical development. It is intended for the liberal arts student who has had little contact with mathematics, and elementary and secondary education majors.

MATH 140
College Algebra 3 credits
(Must qualify via entrance exam)
Explores techniques for solving algebraic equations involving linear, quadratic, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Course is preparation for MATH 150 Pre-calculus.

MATH 150
Pre-Calculus 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in MATH 140 or qualify via entrance exam
An in-depth study of functions and graphical analysis, including trigonometric, inverse trig, exponential, logarithmic, polynomial, and rational functions. The binomial expansion will be developed.

MATH 160
Calculus I 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in MATH150 or qualify via entrance exam
This course will introduce topics in the differentiation and integration of functions of one variable. These topics include limits, continuity, differentiation, integration, the mean value theorem and the fundamental theorem of calculus.

MATH 161
Calculus II 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in MATH160.
Second semester of Calculus. Topics include applications of integration, integration techniques and infinite series.

MATH 220
Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences 3 credits
Meaning, purposes and processes of statistical methods; selection of representative, parallel or equivalent groups; graphic representation; measures of central tendency; variability; normal distribution; probability; binomial coefficient; random sampling; confidence levels; inference; t-test; analysis of variance; chi square; correlation.
Theory and practice application of above operations with use of computers where applicable. Satisfies the quantitative reasoning general education requirement.

MATH 244
Linear Algebra 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in MATH160.
An introductory course in linear algebra. Topics include linear equations, matrices, determinants, Eigen values, linear transformations and vector spaces.

MEDA 101
Introduction to Medical Assisting 3 credits
An overview of the basic concepts required to function as a medical assistant both administratively and clinically. Topics include scheduling, electronic medical records, infection control, first aid, CPR, patient assessment and management of the front office.

MEDA 150 – Medical Terminology
Medical Terminology 3 credits
The focus of this course is to enable students to understand the language of health, disease, medical diagnoses, and treatment commonly employed by healthcare professionals. The course will emphasize Latin and Greek word roots, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations, and anatomical terms and stress pronunciation, spelling, and appropriate use of medical terminology. This course is foundational to all other health related courses.

MEDA 160
Clinical Procedures and Diagnostics 3 credits
Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in MEDA 101.
This course delves deeper into the skills needed to perform essential clinical skills in the medical office. Topics include collecting specimens, performing laboratory tests, performing spirometry exams and performing an EKG.

MEDA 168
Medical Billing and Records 3 credits
Minimum grade of C in MEDA150 is required.
This course provides a broad overview of health insurance and third party reimbursement while providing a hands- on approach to using computer systems to generate income in a primary care setting. Students will actively practice using ICD-9 and CPT codes to complete all required paperwork for billing including practice with the CMS-1500.

MEDA 260
Phlebotomy 4 credits
Basic course overseeing all aspects of phlebotomy delivery including infection control, safety practices, laboratory tests, appropriate equipment and proper phlebotomy technique in a wide variety of clinical situations. Students will attend both lecture and clinical practice of techniques including venipuncture and capillary blood draws.

MEDA 204
Medical Law and Ethics 3 credits
The purpose of this course is to familiarize the students with the social and ethical issues which underpin the practice of medicine. In addition, this course also examines legal terminology, liability and responsibility, licensing, and the patient/medical assistant relationship.

MEDA 224
Principles of Pharmacology 3 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in BIOL 233.
The purpose of this course is to give students a foundational understanding of pharmacology and its use in treating a wide variety of pathologies. The course will cover the mechanism of action of all major classes of pharmaceuticals focusing on the justification for why these specific drugs are being prescribed.  In addition the course will address the role of medical assistants in dosage calculation, drug administration and patient education.

MEDA 300
Externship 4 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in MEDA 150, 160, 168, and 260
Students are expected to complete 160 hours of clinical experience at an appointed site. 8-hour shifts are scheduled Monday through Friday in the daytime.  Clinical tasks include: vital signs, venipuncture, capillary puncture, pulmonary function testing, electrocardiography, patient screening, administration of oral and parenteral medications, and assisting physician with patient care among others. Office skills include: data management of electronic health records, inventory, insurance forms and coding.

PHYS 101
Introduction to Physics - First Semester 4 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in MATH 160 or equivalent, or advisement.
Topics include classical mechanics.

PHYS 102
Introduction to Physics- Second Semester 4 credits
Prerequisite: C or better in PHYS 101.
Topics include oscillations, waves, optics, electricity and magnetism.

PHYS 205
Physical Science for Elementary Teachers 3 credits
A study of the major areas of physical science that are relevant for teachers at the elementary school level. This is required for elementary education majors. Three hours lecture, no laboratory. Restricted to elementary education majors

PSYC 100
General Psychology 3 credits
A summary and overview of the field of psychology as the scientific study of human behavior including research issues, theoretical approaches, and selected areas of study.

PSYC 207
Lifespan Human Development 3 credits
Prerequisites: C or better in PSY100.
A survey of the theories, issues, and empirical data relevant to the process of human development from conception to death.  Focus is on the physical, intellectual and psychosocial development of the individual  person.

SOWK 105
Introduction to Social Work 3 credits
Co-requisite:  INST395 (recommend a C or better in ENGL102)
An introduction to the knowledge, skills and values of social work practice. Students will be assisted in understanding how social workers identify strengths and utilize a problem solving process to address the needs of people in the context of their social environments. Particular attention will be given to students’ self-awareness and faith as they prepare to establish professional helping relationships within the context of a social agency. Basic practice principles will be explored through the use of reading assignments, case studies, role plays, volunteer experiences in social agencies, and classroom lectures.

SOWK 110
Human Diversity and Social Interaction 3 credits
(Recommend a C or higher in ENGL102)
A survey of the similarities and differences of human individuals and groups, and the effects of human diversity on social interaction, with the context of the social welfare institution and the social work profession. Particular attention will be given to differences based on age, class, color, ethnicity, family structure, gender, marital status, national origin, physical and mental ability, race, religion, sex and sexual orientation. Students will be assisted in using knowledge to inform practice by developing skills and strategies based on client strength and empowerment. Particular attention will be given to values inherent within a Christian world view. Material for thought and discussion will be provided by reading assignments, videos, students’ life experiences, field observation and classroom lectures.

SOCI 100
Introduction to Sociology 3 credits
The nature of society with special emphasis on the basic concepts, social processes, social institutions and social change.

SPAN 101A 3 credits
Elementary Spanish Part I
Basic grammar and vocabulary, written and oral exercises, introductory readings. Emphasis on developing communication skills at a fundamental level in a one semester course. A cultural study component fulfills the Global Awareness General Education component.

SPAN 102 3 credits
Elementary Spanish Part II
Prerequisites: SPA 101A or advisement-based placement.
Grammar and vocabulary, written and oral exercises, and readings, continuing. A cultural study component fulfills the Global Awareness General Education component

SPAN 103 3 credits
Accelerated Elementary Spanish
Prerequisites: Spanish Placement exam score above 45% or advisement-based placement.
Grammar and vocabulary, written and oral exercises, and readings for students with exposure to the spoken language who wish to improve writing skills for professional purposes. A cultural study component fulfills the Global Awareness General Education component

SPAN 150
Spanish Grammar and Conversation for Native Speakers 3 credits
Prerequisite: Spanish Placement exam score above 70% or advisement-based placement.
The purpose of this course is to help Spanish-dominant students improve their oral and written Spanish. The course will review grammatical structures and rules of spelling and accents. Students will use these structures in both written and oral presentations. A cultural study component fulfills the Global Awareness General Education component.

THEO 210
Foundations of Christian Spirituality 3 credits
(Recommend BIBL100 and INST150)
This course covers the following subjects: Christian belief in relation to the educational growth of persons, belief- doubt relationships, key areas of conflict for the modern believer, and sources of certainty.

THEO 240
Theological Thinking 3 credits
A survey of the main themes of Christian theology from both systematic and biblical perspectives. Special emphasis is on the development of responsible theological thought. Such topics as the basis of authority, the nature of God, human nature, the person and work of Christ, the Holy Spirit and the Church will be treated.

YMIN 101
Introduction to Youth Ministry 3 credits
This course will be a study of the physical and emotional development of adolescents, and the development of a philosophy of ministry with adolescents, with guidelines and discussion relating to the implementation of a program of ministry within the framework of the local church as well as in various other contexts.

YMIN 207
Youth Ministry Programming Skills 3 credits
Prerequisites: C or better in YMIN 101.
This course is designed to train students in skills necessary for effective youth ministry. This phase of skills curriculum will focus on creativity, learning styles, event planning, communication skills and techniques. The course will utilize a laboratory approach that begins with instruction and moves into hands-on participation.

YMIN 303
Youth Ministry in the Urban Setting 3 credits
Prerequisites:  C or better in YMIN 101, and 102.
The objective of this course is to give students a vision for youth ministry in an urban environment. Students will not only have opportunity to see and experience various approaches to urban youth ministry, but will also be challenged to explore their attitudes toward cross-cultural ministry, racism and poverty.